hybrids (non GMO)
Ti-Tigon, Li-Tigon, Li-Liger
It is a cross breed between a male tiger and a female liger/Tigon or a male lion
with a female Tigon/liger. Do note that female ligers or Tigons are fertile.
They are extremely rare and are in mostly private ownership within a behavioral
studies programmed. In the case of ti-ligers, they have unusual striping where
it breaks up and display a blotchy appearance. Since they are 3/4 tiger, their
characteristics inhibit more of those of a tiger than a lion.
Ligers are crossbreeds between a male lion while Male Ligers are sterile while
the females are often fertile. Below shows a liger and its trainer Dr. Bhagavan
Antle at a Renaissance Festival in Massachusetts, USA, October 2005.
Dogs and wolves tend to crossbreed rather freely. The wolf is a shy animal
depending on nuances in body language, facial expression and on hunting skills
to survive. Their jaws are much stronger than those of a dog and are often used
to exert dominance. For a dog wolf hybrid, it is not known when it will display
a wolf behavior or dog behavior or something in between. Obedience training is a
must in order to tame the animal.
Domestic Tamworth pigs are crossbred with wild boar to create ‘Iron Age Pigs’.
The hybrids are tamer than wild boar but less tractable than domestic swine and
generally become specialist pork sausages. Most of them are bred for the
specialist meat trade.
A zorse is the result of crossbreeding a horse and a zebra. A zonkey is the
result of crossbreeding a donkey with a zebra. The Zony is the result of
crossbreeding a pony to a zebra. All these three are called zebroids – defined
as a cross between a zebra and any other equid. Zebroids are preferred over
zebra for practical uses such as riding because of its body shape. However it is
more inclined to be temperamental and can prove to be difficult to handle.
A Cama is a hybrid between a camel and a llama. They are born via artificial
insemination due to the huge difference in sizes of the animals which disallow
natural breeding. A Cama usually has the short ears and long tails of a camel
but the cloven hooves of a llama. Also most noticeably is the absence of the
Rama’s parents shown behind, a camel and llama.
This is Rama the Cama at two days old.
Rama at two years of age as a young adult.
A grolar/pizzly hybrid is the product of a grizzly bear and a polar bear.
Although the two bears are genetically similar, they tend to avoid each other in
the wild. During 16 April 2006, a hybrid bear was shot dead by Jim Martell, a
hunter from the United States, in Canada. It was the first time a hybrid was
found in the wild where previous records of grolars or pizzlies have only been
found in zoos.
A grolar, pizzly displayed at the Rothschild Museum, Tring, copyright Sarah
A Leopon is the result of breeding a male leopard and a female lion. The head of
the animal is similar to that of a lion while the rest of the bodies carries
similarities to leopards. The most successful breeding programmed was at the
Koshien Hanshin Park in Nishinomiya City, Japan. Leopons are larger than
leopards and likes to climb and enjoy water.
Golden Pheasant (yellow head and black eye with yellow eyelash) has commonly
been crossed with the similar Lady Amherst’s Pheasant. The result is a hybrid
with distinguished colors from its parents.
A Golden Pheasant
A Lady Amherst Pheasant
Hybrid Pheasant displayed at Rothschild Museum Copyright Sarah Hartwell
A wolphin is a rare hybrid formed from a cross between a bottlenose dolphin and
a false killer whale. There are currently only two in captivity at the Sea Life
Park in Hawaii. A wolphin’s size, color and shape are intermediate between the
parent species. The first captive wolphin was Kekaimalu, which shows mixed
heritage even in its teeth: bottlenose dolphins have 88, false killer whales
have 44 and Kekaimalu has 66!
animals are used as experimental models to perform phenotypic and for testing in
biomedical research. Other applications include the production of human hormones
such as insulin.
biological research, transgenic fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) are model
organisms used to study the effects of genetic changes on development. Fruit
flies are often preferred over other animals due to their short life cycle, low
maintenance requirements, and relatively simple genome compared to many
modified mammals are an important category of genetically modified organisms.
Transgenic mice are often used to study cellular and tissue-specific responses
1999, scientists at the University of Guelph in Ontario, Canada created the
genetically engineered Enviropig™. The Enviropig excretes from 30 to 70.7%
less phosphorus in manure depending upon the age and diet. In February
2010, Environment Canada determined that Enviropigs are in compliance with the
Canadian Environmental Protection Act and can be produced outside of the
research context in controlled facilities where they are segregated from other
2009, scientists in Japan announced that they had successfully transferred a
gene into a primate species (marmosets) and produced a stable line of breeding
transgenic primates for the first time.
such as Hydra and the sea anemone Nematostella vectensis have become attractive
model organisms to study the evolution of immunity and certain developmental
processes. An important technical breakthrough was the development of procedures
for generation of stably transgenic hydras and sea anemones by embryo
modified fish have promoters driving an over-production of "all fish"
growth hormone. This resulted in dramatic growth enhancement in several species,
including salmonids, carps and tilapias.